A third, much smaller contributor to sea level rise is a decline in the amount of liquid water on land—aquifers, lakes and reservoirs, rivers, soil moisture. The rate of sea level rise is accelerating: it has more than doubled from 0.06 inches (1.4 millimeters) per year throughout most of the twentieth century to 0.14 inches (3.6 millimeters) per year from 2006–2015. In: Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. In some ocean basins, sea level has risen as much as 6-8 inches (15-20 centimeters) since the start of the satellite record in 1993. Using data from scores of stations around the world, scientists can calculate a global average and adjust it for seasonal differences. 700 5th Avenue, Suite 4900, Seattle, WA, 98104
Alpine glaciers: Another decade of loss. In: IPCC Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate [H.- O. Pörtner, D.C. Roberts, V. Masson-Delmotte, P. Zhai, M. Tignor, E. Poloczanska, K. Mintenbeck, M. Nicolai, A. Okem, J. Petzold, B. Rama, N. Weyer (eds.)]. NASA photo by Maria-José Viñas. Connect with coastal stakeholders across the country through this interactive map, which allows you to identify and share your observations and experiences with sea-level rise impacts along Canada's coastline. Frightening climate change map shows huge swathes of UK under water ... ice sheets and glaciers melt and warming sea water expands, ... sea levels could rise between 2ft … On future pathways with the highest greenhouse gas emissions, sea level rise could be as high as 8.2 feet (2.5 meters) above 2000 levels by 2100. Melting of the current Greenland ice sheet would result in a sea-level rise of about 6.5 meters; melting of the West Antarctic ice sheet would result in a sea-level rise … In no event will The City of Seattle be liable for any loss or damage including without limitation, indirect or consequential loss or damage, or any loss or damage whatsoever arising from loss of data or profits arising out of, or in connection with, the use of any SLR information. A LANDMARK UN report has warned sea levels will rise way faster than first thought by 2100, so how much of the UK will be under water by that time? (Explore past and future frequency of high-tide flooding at U.S. locations with the Climate Explorer, part of the U.S. NOAA Center for Operational Oceanographic Products and Services. Will your city or county be flooded by 2020? Global mean sea level has risen about 8–9 inches (21–24 centimeters) since 1880, with about a third of that coming in just the last two and a half decades. ALL SUCH SLR INFORMATION AND CONTENT IS PROVIDED ON AN "AS IS", "AS AVAILABLE" BASIS WITHOUT WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, ACCURACY, AND NON-INFRINGEMENT. Published by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. View our garbage, recycling, and food & yard waste (compost) services, find the nearest transfer station (dump/landfill) for extra waste, and learn about your collection day. Sea level is measured by two main methods: tide gauges and satellite altimeters. Cassotta, S., Derkesen, C., Ekaykin, A., Hollowed, A., Kofinas, G., Mackintosh, A., Melbourne-Thomas, J., Muelbert, M.M.C., Ottersen, G., Pritchard, H., and Schuur, E.A.G. SPU also houses the Engineering Services line of business, which serves both City departments and outside agencies, providing efficient, customer-oriented engineering services that assist clients with replacing, improving, and expanding facilities with the least possible disruption to the community. King Tides: Snap the Shore, See the Future A collaboration of NOAA’s Office for Coastal Management and the King Tides Project to help people understand the global impact of sea level rise. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Stocker, T.F., D. Qin, G.-K. Plattner, M. Tignor, S.K. (2012). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Ocean Service, Silver Spring, MD. The second mechanism is the melting of ice over land, which then adds water to the ocean. We have programs to help you save on your utility costs. Sweet, W.V., Kopp, R.E., Weaver, C.P., Obeysekera, T., Horton, R.M., Thieler, E.R., and Zervas, C. (2017). From the 1970s up through the last decade or so, melting and heat expansion were contributing roughly equally to observed sea level rise. Pelto, M. (2019). Sign up for a utility discount and get rebates for environmentally friendly practices. Antarctic ice loss nearly quadrupled from 51 billion tons per year between 1992 and 2001 to 199 billion tons per year from 2012-2016. https://www.ipcc.ch/site/assets/uploads/sites/3/2019/11/SROCC_FinalDraft_Chapter3.pdf. Nerem, P.D. Scientists account for these types of changes by measuring sea level change … Chapter 3: Polar regions. Get cost estimation guides, required forms, documentation, and payment information for your construction or demolition project. We also offer water service in some surrounding areas. We manage Seattle's sewer and drainage systems, including street storm drains and pollution control. About the data used in the interactive graph. This Scary Map Shows How Climate Change Will Transform Your City Click on your city, and the map will pinpoint a modern analog city that matches what your climate may be in 2080. Seattle Public Utilities (SPU) knows the COVID-19 pandemic has made it harder for some of its customers to afford essential services. Address:
The higher worst-case scenario—which is extremely unlikely, but can’t be ruled out—is largely due to new observations and modeling on ice loss from Antarctica and Greenland. Global warming is causing global mean sea level to rise in two ways. Merrifield, G.A. Find notifications and measures we take to inform and involve you. The interactive map, produced by Climate Central, shows the change in the UK in the next 30 years because of rising sea levels. NOAA Tech Memo OAR CPO-1. Since the early 1990s, sea level has been measured from space using radar altimeters, which determine the height of the sea surface by me… Past and future sea level rise at specific locations on land may be more or less than the global average due to local factors: ground settling, upstream flood control, erosion, regional ocean currents, and whether the land is still rebounding from the compressive weight of Ice Age glaciers. We are dedicated to public health and a clean environment for everyone. 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By 2005, the glacier had retreated, and the lake had become a small grassland. (2013). First, as the oceans warm due to an increasing global temperature, seawater expands—taking up more space in the ocean basin and causing a rise in water level. Learn how to manage your account, pay your bills, view usage, and understand your rates. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) stated last month in a special report on the oceans that global average sea levels could rise by up to 1.1m by 2100, in the worst warming scenario. The early part of the time series shown in the graph above comes from the sea level group of CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation), Australia's national science agency. https://www.climate.gov/maps-data/dataset/sea-level-rise-map-viewer However, it’s uncertain whether that acceleration will continue, driving faster and faster sea level rise, or whether internal glacier and ice sheet dynamics (not to mention natural climate variability) will lead to “pulses” of accelerated melting interrupted by slowdowns. We provide construction professionals with guidelines, specifications, and permits to connect to Seattle's water and sewer systems. New Climate Satellite Measures Sea Level Rise Space is the best place — maybe the only place — to get a complete picture of how climate change … We manage large, regional watersheds that provide some of the cleanest water in the nation. 75pp. Both the low-end and “worst-case” possibilities were revised upward in 2017 following a review by the U.S. Interagency Sea Level Rise Taskforce. We also help manage construction waste. Allen, J. Boschung, A. Nauels, Y. Xia, V. Bex and P.M. Midgley (eds.)]. In the early 20th century, the glacier met the water and calved icebergs into a marginal lake near the bay. Volunteer to remove graffiti or join a cleaning event. The water along Seattle's Puget Sound shoreline has risen by more than 6 inches during the past century. The higher the sea level, the faster and stronger the return signal is. View central estimates. The map illustrates how climate change could affect the global economy as regions connected by trade are affected by changes in crop yield, droughts, flooding and high temperatures. Higher sea level also means more frequent high-tide flooding, sometimes called “nuisance flooding” because it isn't generally deadly or dangerous, but it can be disruptive and expensive. With high rates of emissions, sea level rise would be much higher, but was unlikely to exceed 6.6 feet higher than 1992 levels. (2016). You can see how this process works by building a model using everyday items to demonstrate that water expands when heat energy is added. Melt streams on the Greenland Ice Sheet on July 19, 2015. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA. South Beach, Miami on May 3, 2007. Sea-Level Rise from the Late 19th to the Early 21st Century. From our watersheds to your streets and parks, we strive to keep Seattle clean and safe. If we follow a pathway with high emissions, a worst-case scenario of as much as 8.2 feet (2.5 meters) above 2000 levels by 2100 cannot be ruled out. We do our best to minimize the impact of our construction on your neighborhood. Payne, W.T. NOAA Climate.gov graphic, adapted from Figure 3.15a in State of the Climate in 2018. In the early 20th century, the glacier met the water and calved icebergs into a marginal lake near the bay. Climate change encompasses not only rising average temperatures but also extreme weather events, shifting wildlife populations and habitats, rising seas, and a range of other impacts. Seattle Public Utilities is investing in our infrastructure to protect public health and the environment and to continue providing essential services to customers. The scenarios differ based on potential future rates of greenhouse gas emissions and differences in the plausible rates of glacier and ice sheet loss. See how we maintain these services for you. [Online: https://tidesandcurrents.noaa.gov/publications/techrpt83_Global_and_Regional_SLR_Scenarios_for_the_US_final.pdf], Sweet W. V., J. Maps forecast large areas of Nelson under water from sea-level rise. About half of the measured global sea level rise on Earth is from warming waters and thermal expansion. What Caused the Accelerated Sea Level Changes Along the U.S. East Coast During 2010–2015? Photo by Amy McGovern. ... A partial melting of this ice sheet would cause a 1-meter (3-foot) rise. [online: https://tidesandcurrents.noaa.gov/sltrends/] Accessed November 18, 2019. Accessed November 18 2019. Find everything to research, obtain permits, install, inspect, or restore pavement for construction involving water lines. Church, J.A., P.U. Naturally occurring ocean climate cycles can also play a role in temporarily masking or enhancing the effects of climate change on sea level rise. Sea level rise and nuisance flood frequency changes around the U.S. NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 73, 53p. The budget of recent global sea level rise: 1995-2013. Sea-Level Rise ("SLR") information is prepared for use by The City of Seattle for its internal purposes only, and is not designed or intended for use by members of the public. [Online: http://www.realclimate.org/index.php/archives/2019/03/alpine-glaciers-another-decade-of-loss/] Accessed November 18, 2019. High-tide flooding is already a serious problem in many coastal communities, and it is only expected to get much worse in the future with continued rising seas. Construction Resources. Climate Change Science Program, NOAA scientists conducted a review of the research on global sea level rise projections. Learn about the water system, water quality labs, and metering. Their experts concluded that even with lowest possible greenhouse gas emission pathways, global mean sea level would rise at least 8 inches (0.2 meters) above 1992 levels by 2100. Photos courtesy of Louis H. Pedersen (1917) and Bruce F. Molina (2005), obtained from the Glacier Photograph Collection, Boulder, Colorado USA: National Snow and Ice Data Center/World Data Center for Glaciology. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Stocker,T.F., D. Qin, G.-K. Plattner, M. Tignor, S.K. In press. ... Sea-Level Rise. View our current water outage map and read about how you can prepare for planned water outages. In some ocean basins, sea level has risen 6-8 inches (15-20 centimeters). Gregory, S. Jevrejeva, A. Levermann, M.A. By 2005, the glacier had retreated, and the lake had become a small grassland. Tide gauge stations from around the world have measured the daily high and low tides for more than a century, using a variety of manual and automatic sensors. Seattle has over 1,200 miles of sewer pipe. In the natural world, rising sea level creates stress on coastal ecosystems that provide recreation, protection from storms, and habitat for fish and wildlife, including commercially valuable fisheries. [online] http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar5/wg1/WG1AR5_SPM_FINAL.pdf. Globally, 8 of the world’s 10 largest cities are near a coast, according to the U.N. Atlas of the Oceans. These two elements contribute to sea level rise. Observed sea level from tide gauges (dark gray) and satellites (light gray) from 1800-2015, with future sea level through 2100 under six possible future scenarios (colored lines). We work to reduce sewer backups, overflow, pollution, and flooding. As the world warms, land ice and ice shelves melt, with their water flowing into the global oceans. The rising water level is mostly due to a combination of meltwater from glaciers and ice sheets and thermal expansion of seawater as it warms. We partner with schools to promote green practices. Frightening climate change map shows Scottish cities under water in 2050 The worst affected parts of Scotland are coastal areas, but the North and South Uist in … Added together (purple line), these separate estimates match the observed sea level very well. Globally, sea levels have risen about 7 inches since the beginning of the 20th century. A., and White, N. J. Our connection to the community is very important. By the end of the century, global mean sea level is likely to rise at least one foot (0.3 meters) above 2000 levels, even if greenhouse gas emissions follow a relatively low pathway in coming decades. In the United States, the fastest rates of sea level rise are occurring in the Gulf of Mexico from the mouth of the Mississippi westward, followed by the mid-Atlantic. Our large watersheds supply safe and clean drinking water to the greater Seattle area. First, glaciers and ice sheets worldwide are melting and adding water to the ocean. Residents and businesses can conserve, reduce waste, and practice sustainability. Learn environmentally friendly ways you can save money on utilities. (2019). IPCC. Even if the world follows a low greenhouse gas pathway, global sea level will likely rise at least 12 inches (0.3 meters) above 2000 levels by 2100. Geophysical Research Letters, 45(24), 13,367-13,376. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018GL081183, IPCC, 2019: Summary for Policymakers. Sea level can rise by two different mechanisms with respect to climate change. Deeper temperatures are measured by instruments lowered from oceanographic research ships. Learn about our commitment to equitable service and civic partnerships. Realclimate.org. By the end of the century, global mean sea level is likely to rise at least one foot (0.3 meters) above 2000 levels, even if greenhouse gas emissions follow a relatively low pathway in coming decades. Based on their new scenarios, global sea level is very likely to rise at least 12 inches (0.3 meters) above 2000 levels by 2100 even on a low-emissions pathway. https://report.ipcc.ch/srocc/pdf/SROCC_SPM_Approved.pdf. Explore the programs we offer for you to learn about the environment and get involved. Potential Sea-Level Changes. The decadal average loss from glaciers in the World Glacier Monitoring Service’s reference network quintupled over the past few decades, from the equivalent of 6.7 inches (171 millimeters) of liquid water in the 1980s, to 18 inches (460 millimeters) in the 1990s, to 20 inches (-500 millimeters) in the 2000s, to 33 inches (850 millimeters) for 2010-2018. The climate projection methodology is described in full in Rasmussen et al. Clark, A. Cazenave, J.M. How much it will rise depends mostly on the rate of future carbon dioxide emissions and future global warming. NOAA Tech. For the safest holidays - EVERYONE should avoid travel and only gather with household members to prevent the further spread of COVID-19 in our region. It is based on a weighted average of 373 global tide gauge records collected by the U.S. National Ocean Service, UHSLC, and partner agencies worldwide. (2013). Explore information about some of Seattle Public Utilities' completed construction projects, including summaries and documentation. Sea Level Change. Also read about what to do if your bill seems too high. (2011). Allen, J. Boschung, A. Nauels, Y. Xia, V. Bex and P.M. Midgley (eds.)]. By overlaying social and economic data on a map that depicts sea level rise, a community can see the potential impact that sea level rise can have on vulnerable people and businesses. Map by NOAA Climate.gov based on data provided by Philip Thompson, University of Hawaii. 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